The Corll Story
The Corll Story may be told in four chapters: Chapter One: The European Roots; Chapter Two: The New World Migration; Chapter Three The Pennsylvania Settlement; Chapter Four: The Ohio Settlement.Chapter One: The European Roots
The Corll Story has no beginning and has no end so one needs to pick a time and establish a beginning. We have data that takes the reader to the 1700s when the Corlls lived in the Palatinate- a region in what used to be eastern
In the Middle Ages the
Chapter Two: The
It seems that the two Corll ancestors Johan Helman Karle and John Jacob Karl became indentured servants once they boarded their ship Betsey in 1766.
Their names appear together on the ship’s manifest. It is assumed by the writer that they may have been single or perhaps recently married. Female names were not listed on the ship’s manifest. These same two names will appear later as residents of Lynn Twp., Northampton Co.,
The list of passengers on the ship Betsey; John Osmond, Master. From
(ref. Names of German ,Swiss and Other Immigrants pg 374)If Helman and Jacob Carl boarded the ship at
Once the ship was cleared and took on supplies for the ocean crossing they would set sail for
Once the ship was cleared and took on supplies for the ocean crossing they would set sail for
Chapter Three: The
In reaching the port of Philadelphia was like reaching the Pearly Gates of Heaven, A streak of optimism set in as the passengers began believing they might expect to live another year of two. They looked from the ships railings and saw a huge urban city of around 50,000 inhabitants. Philadelphia at the time of the landing of the Betsy was one of the largest cities outside of London,
The newcomers were not treated in friendly terms. The inhabitants of the city were glad to see these new arrivals leave as the newcomers were assigned to masters of indentures to be sold in the interior lands. The new arrivals may have to stay on the ship a few more days before debarkation. Once on land they had to take an “Oath of Allegience” to the colony and to the King of
At the Court House , Philadelphia, October 13,1766 in the presence of John Lawrence,Esq,Mayor and George Bryanm Esq the foreigners whose names are underwritten, imported in the ship Betsy, John Osmond,Maste frrm from Rotterdam, last from Cowes, did this day take and subscribe the usual qualifications. In the List 85. Whole Freufgr 154. (Consigned to Sam Howell) p.January 1767. In this list are the two names following one another Johan Helman Karle and John Jacob (+) Karl, Many of the passengers on this ship were sold to Samuel Howell. Again the Captain of the ship could make extra money .not only in moving these bodies of freight across the ocean, but selling the people into servitude.
Chapter Three: The
Once Jacob and Helmuth (Helman) were assigned to Samuel Howell they would proceed northward up the Delaware River by small boats to
At this time the county was
As mentioned before we d0 not lmow if Jacob and Helman were married before their arrival in
Jacob Corel: He is listed being over the age of 16 having one son under the age of 16 and and six females (one is wife; five are daughters) Having six children by 1790 would place his marriage around 1778 – 82. This would mean when he served in the Revolutionary he was single. His residency is in Lynn Twp., Northampton Co., PA.
Helmas Corel: His surname spelling is the same as Jacob’s. This spelling was phonetically how it sounded to the recorder placing it in the record book. He is living in Lynn Twp. He is listed as being over 16 with two sons under 16 and two females (one is his wife and one is a daughter). This would place his marriage sometime before 1785.
It is at this point that I would be delinquent if I didn't mention a great ancestor of our family Nicholas Lynn. Nicholas Linn or Lynn was born Nov.28, 1725 in what is now Germany. He was born in Hachenbach. He came from a very wealthy family. Something happened in the family situation that he decided to leave the family, a great social position and great wealth and migrate to America. He was the only son in the family. He did not take any money and sold himself into indenturism for his passage. (Ref.Truesdale)
He came over on the Ship Windsor arriving at Philadelphia on Sept.26,1753. As a young man he was sold to a family to serve for a period of time. One day he complained about his situation to a friend that he didn't like manual work. The friend mentioned that the colonial army was seeking volunteers and that his service in the army would fill out the rest of his servitude. Nicholas took his suggestion and served in the Pennsylvania colonial army for seven years. At the ebd of the war he was given a land warrant of 200 acres for his service. The land was located in Northampton County.
After the war he married Maria Catherina Hoch (born April 10, 1742). They raised a family of 14 children (eleven which can be named and traced). The childrem were Susannah, Jacob, Christian, Phillip, Maria Catherine, Peter, George Johan, George, John, Margaretha, and Barbara. Nicholas died in1803. This family of Lynns is one of the primary families for which the townships and districts and towns (Lynnport, Lynnville, Lynn Twp.,etc.) of Northampton County are named. Places in Berks County are probably named for the family. The names highlighted would in 1804 migrate to Ohio. Peter, George and John would become the founding German founderers and settlers of Canfield, Ohio and become very wealthy proprietors of large farms. Susanna would marry a Peter Baily and migrate with her family and as a widow and her daughter Barbara would marry John Corll,sr (an early settler in 1816 or before) and be the ancestor of many of the Corlls in that area. Barbara migrated with her brother in 1804 to Canfield, Ohio. She kept house for them and later married Abraham Kline who in his own right was a very large wealthy land lord in Youngstown, Ohio In the meantime the other Lynns in Berks and Northampton Counties continued to multiply in numbers and their descendants can be found there to this day. In Ohio many of the Corlls and Lynns intermarried, laying the social and economic foundations of Canfield, Austintown, Youngstown Townshups in the 19th century.
In continuuing our story of Jacob and Helmas it is a high probability that they began their servitude in Lynn Township, Northamption County,PA. This county in addition to Berks Co and Bucks Co were settled by the Pensylvania Dutch (Dutch derived from German "deutsh"). The German settlers looked for land that had linestone and black walnut trees. The limestone could be used for homes and churches and for fertilizer. The presence of black walnut trees indicated a high fertility of the soil. Their first houses were of logs and thatched roofs. Later homes had stone siding and shingled roofs,then tinned roofs. The Germans built two story homes then later the 2 1/2 story houses. They changed the popular gable end chimney to one going straight up through the center of the building. There were open fireplaces in most of the spacious rooms. There were deep set window and door frames. The windows had weights for opening and shutting operation. On many of the houses high up on the gabled ends were insriptions, dates, verses ,initials and the like as a continuation of the Old World German and Swiss custom. Many of their buildings had designs and these designs were not linited to just building exteriors. They were found on dishes, furniture, linens, etc. exposing the German love for art as a continuation of his Old World culture.
The real prized possessions of the Germans were their barns. They were huge compared to their house size. Some of the barns ranging 50 to 60 feet wide by 60 to 120 feet long. They were several stories high. Some were bank barns with three stories on ground level and two stories built onto a bank. They had threshing floors, mows, grannaries, in addition to many stables for horses and cattle. Some had a 6 to 10 foot overhang at the stable entrance. The roofs were thatched, later shingled or tinned. Some roofs were painted red. The exterior had colorful geometric signs for artistic value.
Perhaps Jacob and Helmas went to work for one of the wealthy landlords of such an estate. We do not know who they worked for and for how long. In some case the period of indenturism lasted up to 20 years. It might be that such a long period of service indicated the person may be working for a land gift at the end of his service. We do know that by the advent of the American Revoluntionary War both Helmas and Jacob were serving as substitutes for other people possible to obtain more capital to purchase land, livestock, etc.
We know that Helman , Jacob and other relations took the Oath of Allegience of Northampton Co. (Ref. from the original lists of John Arndt-recorder of deeds 1777-1800). These oaths were probably given prior to serving in the Revolutionary War, Helmas takes the oath on July 14, 1777. Jacob Carle takes the oath Aug,25,1777. Other relatives took their oaths as foillows: Andreas Sechler-Aug,25,1777; Frederick Sechler-July 14, 1777; George Rupright-Aug.25,1777; and Henry Rupright- Sept.5,1777.
Service in the Revoluntionary War is as follows"
1.Sept 13, 1781 Helman Carl marched: 1st class, 4th Battalion, Capt. Probst 6th Co.
2.Muster Roll of 3rd Battalion of Northampton County Militia: 1778-6th Co. Capt. Mattias Probst: 4th class. In addition to this entry we have a signed and seal document dated 1-17-1973 "This is to certify that one Hellen Carl was enrolled as a Private ,Fourth Class, Captain Mattias Probst's Sixth Co.,Third Battalion, Northampton County Militia, according to the evidence of a General Muster Roll dated May 14,1778. residence Lynn Twp" signed by Harry E. Whipkey, Chef Civision of Archives & Manuscriptrs-Harrisburg, PA
3.1780-1st Class -6th Co.: Helm Carl
4.1782-1st class-Helm Carl
1781-Jacob Carl-7th class is given credit for a half month service-6th Co.Capt. Probst. Captain Probst was the captain over the Lynn Twp. 6th Co. which had one leutenant; 3 sargeants. two corporals and 38 privates.
1778-Jacob Carl was enrolled as a Private, 7th Class.Capt. Mattias Probst's Sixth Company, 3rd Battalion, Northampton County Militia, according to the evidence of a General Muster Roll dated May 14,1778-Lynn Twp residence (This is a signed document with seal of Harry E. Whipkey: Chief Division of Archives & Mannuscripts-Harrisburg,PA dated 1-17-1973)
The war service entries above document that both Jacob amd Helm Carl served in the American Revolutionary War and that their residence record show both of them living in Lynn Township, Northampton County, PA.
In reviewing the connections of Jacob and Helm Carl we have:1. 1.They are both on the ship' manifest Betsy that docked in Philadelphia in 1766; 2.They took the Oath of Allegience in 1777; 3.In serving in the A.,Rev.War their service was for Lynn Twp. and their residency was Lynn Twp. Next we examine their religious affliation.
(Ref.Baptismal Records of Jerusalem Lutheran and Reformed Church, Berks County, PA by John L. Kistler 1987) The following is taken from this reference about the baptismal records of the Jerusalem Church in Albany Twp., Berks Co., PA: This church served the Allemaengel. This church served this region which consisted of Albany Twp. pf Berks Co. and Lynn Twp. of Lehigh Co., PA. The first settlers in this region worshipped in individual homes. After the first schoolhouse was erected the building served a double purpose of schooling and worshipping. The church services were conducted by the teachers known as the "reader."
The members of this church, mostly Germanic, served in all wars starting with the French and Indian War. When it came to the Revolutionay War the men of this church were found on the General Muster Roll of the Third Battalion of the Northampton County, PA., dated June 17, 1777. They were known as the Lynn Company. Both Jacob and Helm as already mentioned were a part of this company. They were a part of this congregation as shown by the first two entries in the baptismal records:
1.In the year 1772 Johann Jacob Carl was born July 2 and baptised on August 2. His parents were Johann Jacob and ____ Carl. The sponsors were Johann Julius Carl and Marie Eliizabeth.
2.On Dcember 28 of 1772 Maria Elizabeth Carl was born. On Jan.31, 1773 she was baptized by parents Johann Helmont Carl and Marie Elizabeth. The sponsors were Johann Jacob Carl and Magdalena
3.(see Hener below)
4,A Daniel Carl was born March 15, 1804 and baprised June 17, 1804 to Hener Carl and wife Catharina. The sponsors wer Jacob Kistler ,Jr. and wife Catherina.
5.Lydia Baili (Bailey) was born Dec.5,1813 and baptised on Jan.1,1814. Her parenys were Abraham Baili and Magdalena. The witness was Susannah Baili. Susannah was a daughter of Nicholas Lynn who married a Peter Bailey. Susannah ,a widow, came with her family to Canfield sometime between 1814 and 1820. Susannah.s daughter Barbara married John Corll senior, son of the Henry Carl above.
6.Jeremiah born May 22,1816l baptised May 26,1816, son of Jonathan and Anna Maria Sechler Carl. Witnesses were Anna's parents Heinrich and Juliana Sechler.
In looking at thefirst two entries it would seem that both sets of parents are in the same age bracket. It seems that Jacob jr. is named after his father and that his mother's name is Magdelena. The name "Julius may be a nickname for Helmont. The other child Marie Elizabeth is named after her mother. These were the only three entries for the "Carls" in this book There are many entries for people who would migrate to Ohio later as did the descents of Helmont Carl : Lynns, Billmans, Fusselmans, Sechlers, Straubs, Probsts, Rubrechs (Ruprights), Kistlers, Wannamachers, Fulwilers, Zimmermans, Greenawalts, Baileys, Lynns, etc.
The third entry is the name Hener which is probably "Henry". Henry was one of three children born to Helmont and Marie Elizabeth Carl Besides Henry and Marie Elizabeth there was a Frederick.
The Federal Census
The Federal Census of Lynn Twp., Northampton Co. (later to be Lehigh Co.) of 1790 Gives the following information:
Helmas Corel has a family of five (two sons under 16 yrs. of age and one daughter and wife-no age brackets).
Jacob Corel has one son under 16 yrs. of age , a wife and five daughters-no age brackets
Federal Census of 1800 of Lynn Twp.
Jacob Carl is ten years older in the 45+ age bracket,has a boy under 10; a wife 45+, 2 daughters age 16-26 and one daughter 10-16.
Jacob Carl,jr (probably the son of Jacob-above) is 16 to 26 years of age; has one son age under 10; a wife 26-45; and 2 daughters under 10
Henry Carl, son of Helm ,is age 26 to 45; has one son under 10; wife age 26 to 45; and two daughters under 10
Frederick Carl ( brother of Henry) age 16 to 26 has a wife 16 to 26 and one daughter under 10
Federal Census of 1810
Henry Corril is age 16 to 26; has one son 10-16; one son under 10; a wife 16-26; a daughter under 10 and an older female 45+ age bracket. The older female could be the mother of Henry, who is a widow in 1810.
The decade of 1800 to 1800 brought about some changes inthe Carl existence in Lynn Twp., Northampton Co.,PA. Johannes Helmuth died in Aug.17,1810. There is a widow Carl around who might be his widow, Hener,Heinrich or Henry Carl died before 1809. His widow Margaretha Elizabeth Steninger Carl may ne the widow listed separately. Frederick Carl died in 1806. His wife Anna Maria may have predeeased him having two minor daughters Hannah and Anna. During this same decade Jacpb,Carl jr.may have left the area. By 1812 for tax purposes we have left the Henry Carl estate; John Carl and widow Carl (either Catharine or Margaretha).
Legal proceedings for 1800-1810 of Corlls in Lynn (Ref.Bob Orr)
1.Helman Carl will #2614: This will in Berks Co. Court House listed Helman Carl as a farmer residing in Lynn Township Northampton Co. dated Dec.29, 1808. It lists his spouse as Margaretha, a son Henrich Carl. a daughter Anna Maria Carl and a second son Friederich (desc'd) The executor of the will was Helman's son-in-law George Braininger Names daughter Maria Elizabeth b. Dec.28,1772.
2.Friedrich Carl's will dated Feb.4,1806, listed Friederich as a carpenter; lists his wife Anna Maria and two children. Friederich's executor was Peter Everett.
3.Henry Carl's will of 1810 lists his wife as Catherine: estate record 2710: Jacob Kuntz and Martin Baer yeomen of Lynn Twp . They will appraise property before 8-17-1811. It looks like Henry died without a will so his spouse Catherine will have the estate probated. It looks like there were seven children alive at time of Henry's death-John Carl,sr. the oldest @22 years of age.
4.Petition of John Carl: Vol. page 414, January 24,1812, ,that Henry Carl late of Lynn Twp. deceased leaving,no will, a widow and seven children, a house and 59 acres of land in Lynn Twp. (the property was adjacent to Martin Bear's land-witnesses were Philip Jocksheimer, Martin Probst and Abraham Bailey. John is asking the court that he will settle the estae and take parenting his younger brothers and sisters.
The next decade 1810-1820 most of the Carls of Lynn Twp. have died or migrated west towards Ohio. Those female descendents may have grown, got married and have descendents with different surnames. One of their female widows seems to have remained in Lynn Twp. Those that migrated west and for which we have more data are found in The Corll Story, part two, chapter four (see menu)
Before we leave this era behind let's review the status of the eastern PA Corlls for 1810 to 1820. The War of 1812 began that year and ended in 1814. I don't believe that it had any effect on the family. By this time Helm, Henry and Frederick have passed away. Frederick's children may have been taken in by an unknown family at this time. Jacob and Jacob Jr.Corll have lwft the area. It is possible that Jacob ,sr is deceased. Two of the children of Henry may have died in infancy. So moving foward from this time we have the five offspring of Henry going to Ohio in three migrations.
The people of Lynn Twp, Northampton Co.,PA for a few years had seen settlers travelling through their township coming from Connecticut and going west to what is now Ohio. They talked to these newcomers travelling in covered wagons drawn by oxen wth their fmilies. The men with their strange New England dialect invited them to join them and go to where the land was fertile with abundant vegetation. The Germans listened to their sales talk and started thinking that in the future it might not be a bad idea to check out this new land. The land open for new families in Lynn Twp. was scarce. Their grown offspring needed have their own farms.
On one occasion in 1802 a General Wadsworth . his son Frederick and a party of Conniecticut travelers were going through Lynn Twp. They stopped and talked to a Samuel Everett, a man of wealth, a farmer and of good business intelligence and told him of the great promises of the Ohio frontier which they referred to as the Connecticut Western Reserve. Wadsworth mentioned and described the land of Trumbull County. Samuel Everett told him they had heard in the past from other travelers about the lands which he was describing. Samuel told him that over the past years other Germans of Lynn Twp had migrated westward except to land south of Trumbull County on the Scioto River. Gen. Wadsworth asked Samuel if he did decide to go to Trumbull County to look him up and he would show him the great opportunities for settlement there.
The next spring in 1803 Samuel Everett and John Harding, a neighbor, made the trip to Canfield, OH and looked up Gen. Wadsworth. They were shown artound and were very impressed. Everitt purchased two or three lots and Harding purchases a 60 acre plat. They returned to Lynn Twp. During the same year-1803- Everett returned to Canfield,OH wuth Jacob Ritter, John Lynn, Conrad Opp. Again they purchased land there. Wadsworth showed them land bear the Lake at Conneaut where a few more lots were purchased.
There two expeditionary trips of 1803 led up to the 1804 migration of Germans travelling to this frontier in October. This time there were men travelling with their families such as Peter, George, John and Barbara Lynn; Martin Whitezel and family; Jacon Whitezel, Henry Yeager, Conrad Neff, Jacob Ritter,Daniel Fink,Jacob Oswald, and others.Shortly afterwards another party arrived with John Harding bringing a wagon load of goods for Marin Whitezel. Harding purchased another 60 acres and returned to Lynn Twp. The next spring Harding and others came for permanent settlement. (ref.Scraps of History by Dr.Jackson Truesdale)
The English settlers of Canfield welcomed these new immigrants. The Germans for the most part paid in cash and money in that era on the frontier was scarce. Some of the English who were there first had run into hard times and now they would be compensated for the land they had partially developed.