The Corll Story

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The Corll Story may be told in four chapters: Chapter One: The European Roots; Chapter Two: The New World Migration; Chapter Three The Pennsylvania Settlement; Chapter Four: The Ohio Settlement.                       

Chapter  One: The European Roots

The Corll Story has no beginning and has no end so one needs to pick a time and establish a beginning. We have data that takes the reader to the 1700s when the Corlls lived in the Palatinate- a region in what used to be eastern France and a part of western Germany.  In the 1700's there was no Germany, only Germanic groups each having their own territory. There was a country named France.  In the 1800s Germany became a country.  Today the Palatinate is a region in southwest Germany.  It occupies more than a quarter of the German federal state of Rhineland Palatinate (Rhineland-{Falz).  The western and northern part of this region is densely forested and mountainous.  The eastern section is lower in topography and is a well known wine region. The region was once divided into the Lower or Rhenish Palatinate which was found on both sides of the Rhine River in the area south of the Main river and the Upper Palatinate in northern Bavaria around Amberg and Regensberg.I have heard from some of the older aunts in the family that the Corlls were of the Palatinate.  They referred to the type of dress when looking at the portraits of David and Lydia Corll.  Others in my research  said they thought the European roots were of "Low" German. Other references in research mentioned the general European roots as Palatinate.  None of the research has given an exact place of limited geographic origin other than referring to the "Palatinate."

In the Middle Ages the Palatinate the region was ruled by  counts (secular princess). Like the rest of the Germanic regions it was under constant political upheaval, high taxation and wide spread poverty. Young men were recruited to fight for their nobles, counts, and barons.  Lands from opposing  nobles were plundered and sacked of their wealth.

Perhaps the greatest reason for their wanting to leave the Palatinate was the enticement of the new world.  The English who owned the colonies were very sympathetic to the plight of the these German people.  In the new world they would make great farmers and supply the inhabitants of Philadelphia.  The palatinates were of Reformed or Protestant religious faith so they would fit in well with the local inhabitants.  They could be given land between the French and Indian interior parts of the colony to form a buffer zone between urban Philadelphia and the interior enemies.Meanwhile in the 1600s and 1700s in America the English had started colonies.  By the 1700s they had sent representatives to the Palatinate to sell its destitute inhabitants of a better land and future in the new world. William Penn had been given land by the royals of England to pay off their debt to his father.  It was a chance for the Queen to get rid of the Quakers who were a nuisance to the Church of England and a chance for William Penn to set up his “Holy Experiment” of religious tolerance.  To study the political events of the 16th and 17th century Palatine Region at this time is very confusing with the constant turnover of land ownership. The easy way out is to say by the 1700s the Palatinates had enough abuse and poor economic conditions so it was time to leave. 

Chapter Two: The New World Migration

In these Germanic regions people like William Penn in 1666 made the sale of the idea of the Germans coming to America. He was a good salesman telling the Palatinates that life in the new world was far better than they were experiencing. A few took him up in the late 1600s and made the trip.  By the early 1700s the Germans started coming in waves of migration making their way northward down the Rhine River to Rotterdam.  They sailed down the river which would take four to six weeks. They were held up at check points of the different municipalities they were passing through to pay their fees.  Once arriving at Rotterdam they would negotiate their fee for ocean passage.   If they didn't have the money they would sign papers to become indentured servants.  Some of the single poor males took the indentured servant route and became bound servants once in the New World to a master.  They would work for this person one, two or three years to pay their passage debt before becoming free men. I guess one would call them economic slaves for a short time.

It seems that the two Corll ancestors Johan Helman Karle and John Jacob Karl became indentured servants once they boarded their ship Betsey in 1766.   

Their names appear together on the ship’s manifest.  It is assumed by the writer that they may have been single or perhaps recently married. Female names were not listed on the ship’s manifest.  These same two names will appear later as residents of Lynn Twp., Northampton Co., Pa. and in service in the Revolutionary War. 

The list of passengers on the ship Betsey; John Osmond, Master. From Rotterdam, last from Cowes-154 passengers: 80 men, 74 women and children:

Johannes Breinckhart ;..Nicholas Bohler ; ........JohannesSchmidt ;   Jacob Henckel ; Michael Rath ; Daniel Brenner ; JosephStauch : Johannes :Jacob Schaffer ;Jacob Kauffmann  : Joseph Singer :Gottlied Geyer : Fred Hoffman : F.G. Hirschmann : Joseph Maeyer :Johannes Dahm :Jonas Barone : Lorentz BorisJacob Kern ;  Jacob Gunther ; Louis Robert ; Johannes Hockert ; Jacob Hahn ;  Jacob Wagner ; Johannes Linck ;  Valentin Schurling ;  Peter Lutter ; Michael Weiss ; Johan Hage ; Peter Reyt; Christoph Wliiemann; Jacob Greuther ; Christian Wolff ;  Jahannes Mosser ; Johannes Hauser ; Valentin Hamm; John keller ;                      Georg Bub;  Jost Kuntz ; Daniel Zimmermann;John Helman Karle ;          John Jacob Karl ;  Johann Georg Becker ;   JohannesGelessener ; JostHenry Volmer;  Georg Schiltwachter ; Johann Georg Volmer; Johan Georg Miller ;Johann Jost Miller ; Johann Georg Fiesser ; Joh.Melchoir Endlich; Joh. Heinrich Bar ;  Joh. Heinrich Frantz; Joh. Philip Lambach; Friederich Schittenhelm ; Georg Michael Schaher ;  Joh.BernhardBorst ;Johan Jacob Haussmann; Johan Heinrich Fessler;   David Wachman ;Joh.Georg Schneyder ;  Johann Jacob Fessler ;      Christian Becker ;    Georg Friederich Immich ;Heinrich Frants Peck;  Joseph Haller ; Johan Christoph  Gutz ; Joh. Georg Lichtenberger ; Joh. Wust;  Johan Mic ael Schaffer; Lorentz Ladenberger; Philip Bachman ; Johan Bernard Kurtz ; Hans Martin Ziegler ; Christian Frey ; Johan Bernhard Kurtz ; Lenhart Eckert  ;              Johan FilbertGleb ;Johann Michael Keyser;John Georg Knell

(ref. Names of German ,Swiss and Other Immigrants pg 374)

   If Helman and Jacob Carl boarded the ship at Rotterdam then at that time they would either pay for the passage or sign papers for redemptioners. There were two economic classifications of passengers on these ships. There were the :freemen” or “freewillers” who had money to pay for passage at least for the time being. The other group were called  “Redemptioners” who would sign contracts to become indentured servants once in the New World. The trip down the Rhine could take  weeks as they had to stop and pay fees at the 26 customs houses that lined the river.  Many of the passengers who thought they had some spare money once paying the fees were broke. Some had to continue their cruise becoming indentured servants. Finally reaching the port of Rotterdam, Holland they may be detained up to six weeks waiting for ship’s clearance to continue the voyage. Once again another group of passengers using their money for food would enter the indenture status.

   Once the ship was cleared and took on supplies for the ocean crossing they would set sail for Cowes.  Cowes was a seaport on the Isle of Wright  which is an island south of the mainland at Southampton, England.  Cowes was the principal port for immigration traffic.. This would be the last port until they crossed the Atlantic. The enthusiasm for sea adventure soon abated as the seven to twelve week crossing continued. The conditions were miserable to say the least. The passengers were treated like freight as they were restricted to the lower decks as steerage or freight.  The passengers found extremely crowded conditions with just enough room to place one’s body on the deck. As the time passed boredom set in with nothing to do but trying to survive.  Food and water was rationed from the ship stores.  As the days turned into weeks the food rations were decreased.  Disease such as scurvy set in. The passengers became sick and the mortality rate was very high for the children.  The passengers were aware of the “halfway point” for the voyage.  When the captain announced that they had reached the halfway point all passengers having lost a family member beyond that point were charged full fare even though the body was dumped at sea.  Some captains announced this point even though they hadn’t completed a fourth of the voyage. On some voyages the bread and water were not only severely diminished but  that the ships rats brought a high price for those wishing to live.  Mice were sold at a cheaper price. Sometimes they encountered storms pushing them off course so their voyage was extended another week.

It is hard to imagine the atmosphere of living week after week in dark unsanitary conditions.  Children crying. old people moaning, people coughing,  nowhere to stretch arms and legs, no bathing, food turned rancid, extreme hot or cold conditions, the stench of death, sneezing, regurgitation, repugnant smells, etc. minute by minute ,all day long into week after week became the norm. their last hope was in prayer until they saw the sunlight at Philadelphia.

 

Chapter Three: The Pennsylvania Settlement.

In reaching the port of Philadelphia was like reaching the Pearly Gates of Heaven,  A streak of optimism set in as the passengers began believing they might expect to live another year of two.  They looked from the ships railings and saw a huge urban city of around 50,000 inhabitants. Philadelphia at the time of the landing of the Betsy was one of the largest cities outside of London, England.  There were rows and rows of multicolored buildings having wide streets.  There were all types of shops with people bustling everywhere.   Even though by this time most of the passengers had becomed economic servants thanked God for their safe arrival to the “promised” land.

The newcomers were not treated in friendly terms.  The inhabitants of the city were glad to see these new arrivals leave as the newcomers were assigned to masters  of indentures to be sold in the interior lands. The new arrivals may have to stay on the ship a few more days before debarkation.  Once on land they had to take an “Oath of Allegience” to the  colony and to the King of England. 

At the Court House , Philadelphia, October 13,1766 in the presence of John Lawrence,Esq,Mayor and George Bryanm Esq the foreigners whose names are underwritten, imported in the ship Betsy, John Osmond,Maste frrm from Rotterdam, last from Cowes, did this day take and subscribe the usual qualifications. In the List 85. Whole Freufgr 154. (Consigned to Sam Howell) p.January 1767.  In this list are the two names following one another Johan Helman Karle and John Jacob (+) Karl,  Many of the passengers on this ship were sold to Samuel Howell.  Again the Captain of the ship could make extra money .not only in moving these bodies of freight across the ocean, but selling the people into servitude.

Chapter Three: The Pennsylvania Settlement. 

Once Jacob and Helmuth (Helman) were assigned to Samuel Howell they would proceed northward up the Delaware River by small boats to Easton, PA.  They and the others assigned to Samuel Howell followed the Old King’s Road westward to Allentown.

At this time the county was Northampton County. At a later time (1812) the western half of it would be separated into a separate county of Lehigh County with Allentown as the county seat.  Along the way the Palatinates were sold off to people who would supply them with food and shelter for several years in return for their daily labor. Jacob and Helmen were taken to the far reaches of the county to a township called “Lynn’” It was a beautiful scenic landscape of rolling hills and farms with a backdrop of the Blue Mountains to the north.  Along the Blue Mountains were a series of forts for protection against the Indians to the north. The French were no longer the menace they were ten years ago in 1756 as they were defeated in the French and Indian War 1756 to 1763 or the Seven Years war as it was called in Europe.  At this time the county was Northampton County. At a later time  the western half of it would be separated into a separate county of Lehigh County with Allentown as the county seat.  Along the way the Palatinates were sold off to people who would supply them with food and shelter for several years in return for their daily labor. Jacob and Helmen were taken to the far reaches of the county to a township called “Lynn’” It was a beautiful scenic landscape of rolling hills and farms with a backdrop of the Blue Mountains to the north.  Along the Blue Mountains were a series of forts for protection against the Indians to the north. The French were no longer the menace they were ten years ago in 1756 as they were defeated in the French and Indian War 1756 to 1763 or the Seven Years war as it was called in Europe.  At this time the county was Northampton County. At a later time  the western half of it would be separated into a separate county of Lehigh County with Allentown as the county seat.  Along the way the Palatinates were sold off to people who would supply them with food and shelter for several years in return for their daily labor. Jacob and Helmen were taken to the far reaches of the county to a township called “Lynn’” It was a beautiful scenic landscape of rolling hills and farms with a backdrop of the Blue Mountains to the north.  Along the Blue Mountains were a series of forts for protection against the Indians to the north. The French were no longer the menace they were ten years ago in 1756 as they were defeated in the French and Indian War 1756 to 1763 or the Seven Years war as it was called in Europe. 

As mentioned before we d0 not lmow if Jacob and Helman were married before their arrival in America.  The probability was they were not because by the time that they possibly served their indentured  period the year would be 1770.  If they married in the 1770s we don’t have any records.  By the census of 1790 we do have their records as married with children:

Jacob Corel:  He is listed being over the age of 16 having one son under the age of 16 and  and six females (one is wife; five are daughters) Having six children by 1790 would place his marriage around 1778 – 82. This would mean when he served in the Revolutionary he was single. His residency is in Lynn Twp., Northampton Co., PA.

Helmas Corel: His surname spelling is the same as Jacob’s. This spelling was phonetically  how it sounded to the recorder placing it in the record book. He is living in Lynn Twp.  He is listed as being over 16 with two sons under 16 and two females (one is his wife and one is a daughter). This would place his marriage sometime before 1785.  

The township of Lynn is divided by a mountainous ridge  called “Schochary” a name probably of Indian origin.   This ridge extends east to west the whole width of the township.  It terminates in the west with a high summit called “ Donat’s Kopf”  The ridge divides the township politically into the northern section of Lynnport, Jacksonville, Tripoli, Messersville, New Slateville, Steinsville and Wannamakers  and the southern section of Lynnville and Stines Corner.  If one takes the road leading north from Lynnville up over the Schochary Ridge to New Tripoli one will pass the original estate of Helmas or Hellman Corll.  As you reach the top of the ridge and start going downward and northward. it is on the east side.  No original house is in existence.  (Ref. Lewis W. Donat Legal papers of Lynn and Albany Townships translator) At the time of this web site writing no estate records of residency have been found for Jacob Corll who lived in Lynn Twp.  

It is at this point that I would be delinquent if I didn't mention a great ancestor of our family Nicholas Lynn. Nicholas Linn or Lynn was born Nov.28, 1725 in what is now Germany. He was born in Hachenbach. He came from a very wealthy family.  Something happened in the family situation that he decided to leave the family, a great social position and great wealth and migrate to America.  He was the only son in the family. He did not take any money and sold himself into indenturism for his passage. (Ref.Truesdale)

He came over on the Ship Windsor arriving at Philadelphia on Sept.26,1753.  As a young man he was sold to a family to serve for a period of time. One day he complained about his situation to a friend that he didn't like manual work.  The friend mentioned that the colonial army was seeking volunteers and that his service in the army would fill out the rest of his servitude.  Nicholas took his suggestion and served in the Pennsylvania colonial army for seven years.  At the ebd of the war he was given a land warrant of 200 acres for his service.  The land was located in Northampton County.

After the war he married Maria Catherina Hoch (born April 10, 1742). They raised a family of 14 children (eleven which can be named and traced). The childrem were Susannah, Jacob, Christian, Phillip, Maria Catherine, Peter, George Johan, George, John, Margaretha, and Barbara. Nicholas died in1803.  This family of Lynns is one of the primary families for which the townships and districts and towns (Lynnport, Lynnville, Lynn Twp.,etc.) of Northampton County are named. Places in Berks County are probably named for the family. The names highlighted would in 1804 migrate to Ohio. Peter, George and John would become the founding German founderers and settlers of Canfield, Ohio and become very wealthy proprietors of large farms.  Susanna would marry a Peter Baily and migrate with her family and as a widow and her daughter Barbara would marry John Corll,sr (an early settler in 1816 or before) and be the ancestor of many of the Corlls in that area.  Barbara migrated with her brother in 1804 to Canfield, Ohio. She kept house for them and later married Abraham Kline who in his own right was a very large wealthy land lord in Youngstown, Ohio  In the meantime the other Lynns in Berks and Northampton Counties continued to multiply in numbers and their descendants can be found there to this day. In Ohio many of the Corlls and Lynns intermarried, laying the social and economic foundations of Canfield, Austintown, Youngstown Townshups in the 19th century.

   In continuuing our story of Jacob and Helmas it is a high probability that they began their servitude in Lynn Township, Northamption County,PA. This county in addition to Berks Co and Bucks Co were settled by the Pensylvania Dutch (Dutch derived from German "deutsh"). The German settlers looked for land that had linestone and black walnut trees. The limestone could be used for homes and churches and for fertilizer.  The presence of black walnut trees indicated a high fertility of the soil. Their first houses were of logs and thatched roofs.  Later homes had stone siding and shingled roofs,then tinned roofs. The Germans built two story homes then later the 2 1/2 story houses. They changed the popular gable end chimney to one going straight up through the center of the building.  There were open fireplaces in most of the spacious rooms.  There were deep set window and door frames.  The windows had weights for opening and shutting operation.  On many of the houses high up on the gabled ends were insriptions, dates, verses ,initials and the like as a continuation of the Old World German and Swiss custom. Many of their buildings had designs and these designs were not linited to just building exteriors. They were found on dishes, furniture, linens, etc. exposing the German love for art as a continuation of his Old World culture.

   The real prized possessions of the Germans were their barns.  They were huge compared to their house size.  Some of the barns ranging 50 to 60 feet wide by 60 to 120 feet long. They were several stories high. Some were bank barns with three stories on ground level and two stories built onto a bank.  They had threshing floors, mows, grannaries, in addition to many stables for horses and cattle. Some had a 6 to 10 foot overhang at the stable entrance.  The roofs were thatched, later shingled or tinned.  Some roofs were painted red.  The exterior had colorful geometric signs for artistic value.

Perhaps Jacob and Helmas went to work for one of the wealthy landlords of such an estate.  We do not know who they worked for and for how long.  In some case the period of indenturism lasted up to 20 years.  It might be that such a long period of service indicated the person may be working for a land gift at the end of his service. We do know that by the advent of the American Revoluntionary War both Helmas and Jacob were serving as substitutes for other people possible to obtain more capital to purchase land, livestock, etc.

We know that Helman , Jacob and other relations took the Oath of Allegience  of Northampton Co. (Ref. from the original lists of John Arndt-recorder of deeds 1777-1800).  These oaths were probably given prior to serving in the Revolutionary War,  Helmas takes the oath on July 14, 1777. Jacob Carle takes the oath Aug,25,1777. Other relatives took their oaths as foillows: Andreas Sechler-Aug,25,1777; Frederick Sechler-July 14, 1777; George Rupright-Aug.25,1777; and Henry Rupright- Sept.5,1777.

Service in the Revoluntionary War is as follows"

1.Sept 13, 1781 Helman Carl marched: 1st class, 4th Battalion, Capt. Probst 6th Co.

2.Muster Roll of 3rd Battalion of Northampton County Militia: 1778-6th Co. Capt. Mattias Probst: 4th class.  In addition to this entry we have a signed and seal document dated 1-17-1973 "This is to certify that one Hellen Carl was enrolled as a Private ,Fourth Class, Captain Mattias Probst's Sixth Co.,Third Battalion, Northampton County Militia, according to the evidence of a General Muster Roll dated May 14,1778. residence Lynn Twp" signed by Harry E. Whipkey, Chef Civision of Archives & Manuscriptrs-Harrisburg, PA

3.1780-1st Class -6th Co.: Helm Carl

4.1782-1st class-Helm Carl

1781-Jacob Carl-7th class is given credit for a half month service-6th Co.Capt. Probst.  Captain Probst was the captain over the Lynn Twp. 6th Co. which had one leutenant; 3 sargeants. two corporals and 38 privates.

1778-Jacob Carl was enrolled as a Private, 7th Class.Capt. Mattias Probst's Sixth Company, 3rd Battalion, Northampton County Militia, according to the evidence of a General Muster Roll dated May 14,1778-Lynn Twp residence (This is a signed document with seal of Harry E. Whipkey: Chief Division of Archives & Mannuscripts-Harrisburg,PA dated 1-17-1973)

The war service entries above document that both Jacob amd Helm Carl served in the American Revolutionary War and that their residence record show both of them living in Lynn Township, Northampton County, PA.

In reviewing the connections of Jacob and Helm Carl we have:1. 1.They are both on the ship' manifest Betsy that docked in Philadelphia in 1766; 2.They took the Oath of Allegience in 1777; 3.In serving in the A.,Rev.War their service was for Lynn Twp. and their residency was Lynn Twp.  Next we examine their religious affliation.

(Ref.Baptismal Records of Jerusalem Lutheran and Reformed Church, Berks County, PA by John L. Kistler 1987)  The following is taken from this reference about the baptismal records of the Jerusalem Church in Albany Twp., Berks Co., PA:  This church served the Allemaengel. This church served this region which consisted of Albany Twp. pf Berks Co. and Lynn Twp. of Lehigh Co., PA.  The first settlers in this region worshipped in individual homes.  After the first schoolhouse was erected the building served a double purpose of schooling and worshipping. The church services were conducted by the teachers known as the "reader."

   The members of this church, mostly Germanic, served in all wars starting with the French and Indian War.   When it came to the Revolutionay War the men of this church were found on the General Muster Roll of the Third Battalion of the Northampton County, PA., dated June 17, 1777. They were known as the Lynn Company. Both Jacob and Helm as already mentioned were a part of this company. They were a part of this congregation as shown by the first two entries in the baptismal records:

1.In the  year 1772 Johann Jacob Carl was born July 2 and baptised on August 2.  His parents were  Johann Jacob and ____ Carl.  The sponsors were Johann Julius Carl and Marie Eliizabeth.

2.On Dcember 28 of 1772 Maria Elizabeth Carl was born.  On Jan.31, 1773 she was baptized by parents Johann Helmont Carl and Marie Elizabeth. The sponsors were Johann Jacob Carl and Magdalena

3.(see Hener below)

4,A Daniel Carl was born March 15, 1804 and baprised June 17, 1804 to Hener Carl and wife Catharina.  The sponsors wer Jacob Kistler ,Jr. and wife Catherina.

5.Lydia Baili (Bailey) was born Dec.5,1813 and baptised on Jan.1,1814.  Her parenys were Abraham Baili and Magdalena.  The witness was Susannah BailiSusannah was a daughter of Nicholas  Lynn who married a Peter Bailey.  Susannah ,a widow, came with her family to Canfield sometime between 1814 and 1820. Susannah.s daughter Barbara married John Corll senior, son of the Henry Carl above.

6.Jeremiah born May 22,1816l baptised May 26,1816, son of Jonathan and Anna Maria Sechler Carl. Witnesses were Anna's parents Heinrich and Juliana Sechler

In looking at thefirst two entries it would seem that both sets of parents are in the same age bracket.  It seems that Jacob jr. is named after his father and that his mother's name is Magdelena. The name "Julius may be a nickname for Helmont.  The other child Marie Elizabeth is named after her mother.  These were the only three entries for the "Carls" in this book There are many entries for people who would migrate to Ohio later as did the descents of Helmont Carl : Lynns, Billmans, Fusselmans, Sechlers, Straubs, Probsts, Rubrechs (Ruprights), Kistlers, Wannamachers, Fulwilers, Zimmermans, Greenawalts, Baileys, Lynns,  etc.

The third entry is the name Hener which is probably "Henry".  Henry was one of three children born to Helmont and Marie Elizabeth Carl Besides Henry and Marie Elizabeth there was a Frederick.

                                             The Federal Census                                                 

The Federal Census of Lynn Twp., Northampton Co. (later to be Lehigh Co.) of 1790 Gives the following information:

Helmas Corel has a family of five (two sons under 16 yrs. of age and one daughter and wife-no age brackets).

Jacob Corel has one son under 16 yrs. of age , a wife and five daughters-no age brackets

Federal Census of 1800 of Lynn Twp.

Jacob Carl is ten years older in the 45+ age bracket,has a boy under 10; a wife 45+, 2 daughters age 16-26 and one daughter 10-16.

Jacob Carl,jr (probably the son of Jacob-above) is 16 to 26 years of age; has one son age under 10; a wife 26-45; and 2 daughters under 10

Henry Carl, son of Helm ,is age 26 to 45; has one son under 10; wife age 26 to 45; and two daughters under 10

Frederick Carl ( brother of Henry) age 16 to 26 has a wife 16 to 26 and one daughter under 10

Federal Census of 1810

Henry Corril is age 16 to 26; has one son 10-16; one son under 10; a wife 16-26;  a daughter under 10 and an older female 45+ age bracket.  The older female could be the mother of Henry, who is a widow in 1810.

The decade of 1800 to 1800 brought about some changes inthe Carl existence in Lynn Twp., Northampton Co.,PA. Johannes Helmuth died in Aug.17,1810. There is a widow Carl around who might be his widow, Hener,Heinrich or Henry Carl died before 1809. His widow Margaretha Elizabeth Steninger Carl may ne the widow listed separately. Frederick Carl died in 1806. His wife Anna Maria may have predeeased him having two minor daughters Hannah and Anna. During this same decade  Jacpb,Carl jr.may have left the area.  By 1812 for tax purposes we have left the Henry Carl estate; John Carl and widow Carl (either Catharine or Margaretha).

Legal proceedings for 1800-1810 of Corlls in Lynn (Ref.Bob Orr)

1.Helman Carl will #2614:  This will in Berks Co. Court House  listed Helman Carl as a farmer residing in Lynn Township Northampton Co. dated Dec.29, 1808.  It lists his spouse as Margaretha, a son Henrich Carl. a daughter Anna Maria Carl and a second son Friederich (desc'd) The executor of the will was Helman's son-in-law George Braininger Names daughter Maria Elizabeth b. Dec.28,1772.

2.Friedrich Carl's will dated Feb.4,1806, listed Friederich as a carpenter; lists his wife Anna  Maria and two children. Friederich's executor was  Peter Everett.

3.Henry Carl's will of 1810 lists his wife as Catherine: estate record 2710: Jacob Kuntz and Martin Baer yeomen of Lynn Twp . They will appraise property before 8-17-1811. It looks like Henry died without a will so his spouse Catherine will have the estate probated.  It looks like there were seven children  alive at time of Henry's death-John Carl,sr. the oldest @22 years of age.

4.Petition of John Carl: Vol. page 414, January  24,1812, ,that Henry Carl late of Lynn Twp. deceased leaving,no will, a widow and seven children, a house and 59 acres of land in Lynn Twp. (the property was adjacent to  Martin Bear's land-witnesses were Philip Jocksheimer, Martin Probst and Abraham Bailey. John is asking the court that he will settle the estae and take parenting his younger brothers and sisters.

The next decade 1810-1820 most of the Carls of Lynn Twp. have died or migrated west towards Ohio. Those female descendents may have grown, got married and have descendents with different surnames. One of their female widows seems to have remained in Lynn Twp. Those that migrated west and for which we have more data are found in The Corll Story, part two, chapter four (see menu)

Before we leave this era behind let's review the status of the eastern PA Corlls for 1810 to 1820. The War of 1812 began that year and ended in 1814. I don't believe that it had any effect on the family.  By this time Helm, Henry and Frederick have passed away. Frederick's children may have been taken in by an unknown family at this time.  Jacob and Jacob Jr.Corll have lwft the area. It is possible that Jacob ,sr is deceased. Two of the children of Henry may have died in infancy. So moving foward from this time we have the five offspring of Henry going to Ohio in three migrations.

The people of Lynn Twp, Northampton Co.,PA for a few years had seen settlers travelling through their township coming from Connecticut and going west to what is now Ohio. They talked to these newcomers travelling in covered wagons drawn by oxen wth their fmilies.  The men with their strange New England dialect invited them to join them and go to where the land was fertile with abundant vegetation.  The Germans listened to their sales talk and started thinking that in the future it might not be a bad idea to check out this new land.  The land open for new families in Lynn Twp. was scarce. Their grown offspring needed have their own farms.

On one occasion in 1802 a General Wadsworth . his son Frederick and a party of Conniecticut travelers were going through Lynn Twp.  They stopped and talked to a Samuel Everett, a man of wealth, a farmer and of good business intelligence and told him of the great promises of the Ohio frontier which they referred to as the Connecticut Western Reserve.  Wadsworth mentioned and described the land of Trumbull County. Samuel Everett told him they  had heard in the past  from other travelers about the lands which he was describing. Samuel told him that over the past years other Germans of Lynn Twp had migrated westward except to land south of Trumbull County on the Scioto River.  Gen. Wadsworth asked Samuel if he did decide to go to Trumbull County to look him up and he would show him the great opportunities for settlement there.

The next spring in 1803 Samuel  Everett and John Harding, a neighbor, made the trip to Canfield, OH and looked up Gen. Wadsworth. They were shown artound and were very impressed. Everitt purchased two or three lots and Harding purchases a 60 acre plat.  They returned to Lynn Twp. During the same year-1803- Everett returned to Canfield,OH wuth Jacob Ritter, John Lynn, Conrad Opp. Again they purchased land there. Wadsworth showed them land bear the Lake at Conneaut where a few more lots were purchased.

There two expeditionary trips of 1803 led up to the 1804 migration of  Germans travelling to this frontier in October. This time there were men travelling with their families such as Peter, George, John and Barbara Lynn; Martin Whitezel and family; Jacon Whitezel, Henry Yeager, Conrad Neff, Jacob Ritter,Daniel Fink,Jacob Oswald, and others.Shortly afterwards another party arrived with John Harding bringing a wagon load of goods for Marin Whitezel.  Harding purchased another 60 acres and returned to Lynn Twp. The next spring Harding and others came for permanent settlement. (ref.Scraps of History by Dr.Jackson Truesdale)

The English settlers of Canfield welcomed these new immigrants. The Germans for the most part paid in cash and money in that era on the frontier was scarce. Some of the English who were there first had run into hard times and now they would be compensated for the land they had partially developed.